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24 years ago: Deep Blue vs Kasparov

Deep Blue – Garry Kasparov was a pair of six-game chess matches between the world chess champion Garry Kasparov and an IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue. The first match was played in Philadelphia in 1996 and won by Kasparov. The second was played in New York City in 1997 and won by Deep Blue. This match marked the end of human attempts to meaningfully challenge “the machine”.

24 years ago today was the first game of the second match in New York City. A King’s Indian attack, this is the last game where “the human” won against “the machine” in the match. Deep Blue struck immediately the next day. Three draws followed, and the final game-set-match point in game 6 was for Deep Blue.


The story from that point on is well known – rapid development of chess software algorithms and hardware growing with Moore’s Law. And just when everyone thought perfection was achieved, Alpha Zero with NN came to the scene. And just when everyone thought NNs are the king, the NNUE technology appeared, bringing Stockfish back to number one. Does anyone dare to make a prediction where this is going? Few would, and that is what makes chess battles in the Top Chess Engine Championship exciting at all levels.


Kasparov – Deep Blue 1-0

1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 Bg4 3.b3 Nd7 4.Bb2 e6 5.Bg2 Ngf6 6.0-0 c6 7.d3 Bd6 8.Nbd2 0-0 9.h3 Bh5 10.e3 h6 11.Qe1 Qa5 12.a3 Bc7 13.Nh4 g5 14.Nhf3 e5 15.e4 Rfe8 16.Nh2 Qb6 17.Qc1 a5 18.Re1 Bd6 19.Ndf1 dxe4 20.dxe4 Bc5 21.Ne3 Rad8 22.Nhf1 g4 23.hxg4 Nxg4 24.f3 Nxe3 25.Nxe3 Be7 26.Kh1 Bg5 27.Re2 a4 28.b4 f5 29.exf5 e4 30.f4 Bxe2 31.fxg5 Ne5 32.g6 Bf3 33.Bc3 Qb5 34.Qf1 Qxf1+ 35.Rxf1 h5 36.Kg1 Kf8 37.Bh3 b5 38.Kf2 Kg7 39.g4 Kh6 40.Rg1 hxg4 41.Bxg4 Bxg4 42.Nxg4+ Nxg4+ 43.Rxg4 Rd5 44.f6 Rd1 45.g7 1–0

Coming up: TCEC Season 21 starts this May 10th